Monday, June 20, 2011

Darfur Conflict 2003

The Darfur Conflict began in Darfur, Sudan, in February 2003 when the Sudan Liberation Movement / Army (SLM / A) and Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) in Darfur took up arms, accusing the government of oppressing black Africans in favor of Arabs.

There are various estimates on the number of human casualties. One side was composed mainly of the Sudanese military and the Janjaweed, a Sudanese militia group recruited mostly from the Afro-Arab Abbala tribes of the northern Rizeigat region in Sudan. 

These tribes are mainly camel-herding nomads. The other side was made up of rebel groups, notably the Sudan Liberation Movement / Army and the Justice and Equality Movement, recruited primarily from the non-Arab Muslim Fur, Zaghawa, and Masalit ethnic groups. 

The Sudanese government, while publicly denying that it supports the Janjaweed, is accused of providing financial assistance to the militia, and of participating in joint attacks targeting civilians.



























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